One thing that has always fascinated me is technology in D&D. Introducing technology to a D&D game can come in many shapes and sizes and there are many sources, including the 5e Dungeonmaster's guide, which has one or two pages on laser weapons.
Progress level. Before talking about the various sources and ideas, it is best to mention a way of categorizing technology. The D20 system is an adaptation to the 3.5 rules stripped of magic, but imbued with technology. It copied from Alternity the progress levels system (link):
- PL0 Stone age.
- PL1 Bronze/iron age.
- PL2 'middle ages' (actually also Classical & Renaissance).
- PL3 Age of reason.
- PL4 Industrial age.
- PL5 Information age.
- PL6 Fusion age.
- PL7 Gravity age.
- PL8 Energy age.
- PL9 So-OP-it-is-unnamed age.
This is a very interesting and intricate framework as it sorts items into avant-garde, contemporary or antiques. The downside is that the D20 future manual is a bit tedious due to the repetition. But it is useful for comparisons.
Settings. There are many settings that use technology in D&D and complementary games, here are the most notable ones:
- Eberron: This is a canonical D&D 3.5 and 4e setting and features a lot of fluff such as a lightning rail, a continent spanning war and magic street illumination, but with the exception of the warforged as a playable race it is void of substance.
- Dragonstar: the classic D&D 3e mod for space combat. It is well fleshed out and it includes new spells and fancy gear that can be easily ported to any game.
- Spelljammer: a famous D&D 3e mod that is about space travel, but in a more magic Ptolemaic universe.
- D20 Future as mentioned.
- D20 Modern is the PL5 variant of the above.
- Pathfinder Iron Gods: Pathfinder is odd in that it copies many D&D 3.5 features, but a lot of fluff is less high fantasy and more of space opera with a good dose of Lovecraft's horror. The star system is explicitly heliocentric and the other planets are explored in the supplement "Distant worlds" (minimal stats and gear, but lots of fluff, such as various interesting inhabitants are interesting, bar for the sexy ladies from lush Venus (Castrovel), which makes me cringe at the sexually frustrated writer…). In Golarion itself in the Inner Sea, the Iron God campaign deals with an ancient crashlanded ship. The associated technology guide is exceptional.
- Pathfinder Pure Steam: A steampunk mod for Pathfinder that is very average except for the vehicles, which are exceptional.
- Warhammer 40k Dark Heresy: Far from a D20 system, but contains several good ideas.
- WoW RPG: in WoW the gnomes and goblins are very steampunk. It actually gives gnomes a strong cultural identity (of tinkerers). The chapter 'technological devices' (11th) is what gets it a mention as it has rules on what can be made, time, cost, reliability and failure tables —a magical flammable gas (phlogiston) powers the machines.
- Shadowrun: with the new Aztec calendar cycle comes a return of magic. It is conceptually much better than D20's Urban Arcana and shows how magic and technology can be blended together plotwise.
- Star Trek RPG: this gets a mention solely for the comedic overkill: a phaser has 16 settings, 10 of them are for erasing mountains.
|The curious case of a warforged druid|
Eberron. I once run a D&D 4e pre-generated campaign (Seakers of the Ashen Crown) that was so bad that the players and purposefully derailed it and the lightning train (also mentioned in this forum post). Lameness of the pregen apart, Eberron does not have much that distinguishes it from Faerûn, bar for the warforged and the different geography. Conceptually they were going for the magic-enters-the-industrial-revolution as seen in the Discworld novels (without the comedy), but have not added much that would make Eberron a planet in a more advanced age that Faerûn (PL4 vs. PL3). While the generic cities and gods are fleshed out, the lightning rail isn't described enough and instead one has to rely on a third party vendor for a map of it. In my game that went off the rails I used the Pathfinder pure steam vehicles were a great addition that blended in beatifully, namely the war zeppelin and the gyrocycles (pictured below; really fun!). In that game there was also a lot of extraneous items as the main plot point was an alien artefact warehouse, but that is a different story (see forum post).
Pathfinder. While talking about Pathfinder, one thing that they did was cluster together and attempt to sort out forging materials (see link). Material is something they removed in D&D 5e as it was unruly and complicated, but it could be reinstated. In PF, primitive weapons made out of bone, gold or stone can be made. With the Pathfinder technology guide skymetals can be used to make better weapons.
This latter guide is the best out of those mention above as the concepts are better fleshed out. They include:
- A potential nerf for power: Timeworn condition makes them more unpredictable.
- New spells: Technology is like Magic, Psioncs, Alchemy and can be incapacitated by an anti-technology field and similar new spells.
- A lot of stuff: The weapons are a tad on the Dark Eldar side, but the gear seem fun and creatively usable.
- No sloppy additions: three examples of this are technology, skills and radiation. Technology can be counted with spells and isn't a weird add-on like psionics. In Dragonstar lots of extra skills are added which is annoying as it means more ways to painfully expend ranks, in this there are most changes in rulings. Radiation gets a lot of attention as is a poison damage and not a new type that can break the game as no creature is immune to it (cf. the web about why the Elemental substitution feat was broken).
Armour. In Pathfinder they introduce guns. Guns do touch range attacks as they burn through armour. In D20 and other D&D systems this is not the case.
The problem stems from the weird way armour works. And attack is rolled against an AC, which is 5 (the chance of hitting a mannequin in the 5 ft. square) plus the dex score halved (the defender dodges, 10/2 plus dex modifer) plus armour bonus (the blow is neutralised by the armour). The latter makes little sense as it is independent on the blow, be it a stone or a laser bolt. In WH40k:DH armour bonus is subtracted from the damage, not the attack (making it damage resistance), and when a primitive armour is used against an more advanced weapon its AC bonus is halved. The problem is that allowing touch ranged attacks break the game regardless of how much damage the weapon does, so the best bet is to ignore the issue as has clearly been done.
Reasoning. A futuristic weapon in a full fantasy world however breaks the game: I had a platoon of NPC paladins die galloping futilely to get a sniper, a T-rex take 89 damage from a laser carbine and an TPK from a Dodge Viper crash. In those case it is a comical addition and the integrity of the game must have already been compromised anyway, so any source is fine (I'd recommend D20 weapon's locker, Dragonstar and PF technology guide).
For a place like Eberron where flavour is needed without breaking the game, the PF Pure Steam vehicles are a must possibly with the WoW rules for item creation.